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Apr 5, 2018 // By:admin // No Comment

Most Common ENT Problems Among Children

Children are more prone to problems involving the eyes, nose, and throat because of their immature body structures. For example, children have shorter eustachian tubes (ear part) than adults until they reach the puberty stage, making them at greater risk of developing middle ear infections. When it comes to children’s sinuses, they are fully developed when they reach 8 years old, and their adenoids and tonsils are usually large, only starting to shrink as they reach the adolescent period. Children are also not capable of expressing their body complaints, resulting in inadequate management and late detection of ENT cases.

When it comes to the different types of pediatric ear infections, they include middle ear infections or acute otitis media, external ear infections, and middle ear fluid or effusion (OME or otitis media with effusion). Due to swimming and using cotton buds excessively, external ear infections occur leading to bacterial growth and infection to the outer ear canal. When it comes to the right treatment and intervention, your child needs to avoid swimming and he needs to be checked by an ENT doctor who will be prescribing the right antibiotic eardrop and clean your child’s ear with suction.

Upper respiratory tract infections usually affect the middle ear causing acute otitis media or middle ear infection, caused by tracking up of upper respiratory tract infections. The signs and symptoms include fever, ear pain, and hearing loss. Because of pus bursting and spreading in the eardrum, purulent ear discharge may result. Acute otitis media can be treated using analgesics for pain relief and antibiotic treatment for infection. If the eardrums are perforated, suction ear cleaning, antibiotic eardrops, and oral medications might be required.

When it comes to the most common types of nasal problems among children, they include allergy, epistaxis (nosebleed), and chronic sinusitis. Nasal allergy is manifested by a runny nose or rhinorrhea, sneezing, itchiness, and blockage. The common allergens are certain types of food like nuts and house dust mites. Antihistamines, nasal sprays, and allergen avoidance are the interventions given to nasal allergy. Trauma, blowing, rubbing or infection are the most common causes of nasal bleeding or epistaxis.

Chronic cough, snoring, and obstructive apnea are the common throat conditions affecting children. Pharyngitis may cause a cough lasting up to two weeks. Disrupted sleep happens due to nocturnal coughing. Temper tantrums, irritability, and poor concentration are the manifestations of obstructive sleep apnea causing snoring with gasping spells.

An expert and experienced Eastside ENT specialist is willing to help you. If ever your child is showing any of these ENT signs and symptoms, it is best to consult a specialist immediately to a trusted, reliable, and reputable ENT doctor.

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